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Saprosites Redtenbacher 1858
Saprosites Redtenbacher 1858: 436.

Saprosites peregrinus Redtenbacher
Saprosites sulcatus Harold
Photos by P. Skelley.


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Type species. Saprosites peregrinus Redtenbacher 1858: 437, by monotypy.
               = Passalaphodius Martínez 1953: 80. Type species:
               Passalaphodius cartwrighti Martinez 1953, by original

Diagnosis. Body length 1.5-7.0 mm, elongate, parallel-sided, somewhat flattened, reddish-brown to black, glossy. Head broad, convex. Clypeus lacking teeth, surface finely punctate, rarely granulate. Pronotum rectangular or subquadrate, not much broader than head; some narrowly explanate at lateral margin. Elytral striae coarsely punctate. Meso- and metatibial apex with 1-3 accessory spines; some with median transverse carina on tibia. Abdominal sternites coalescent, sutures complete and usually fluted.
Distribution. Pantropical.
Composition. Worldwide, Saprosites contains approximately 130 species, 17 of which occur in the New World.

Saprosites bolivianus
Petrovitz 1961: 117, Bolivia, Peru.
Saprosites breviusculus Harold 1867: 81, S. America.
                  = Saprosites ohausi Schmidt 1911: 45.
Saprosites dentipes Harold 1867: 80, S. America.
                  = Saprosites ataenioides Balthasar 1945: 110.
                  = Saprosites granulifrons Balthasar 1938: 59.
Saprosites dufaui Paulian 1947: 46, Guadeloupe.
Saprosites exaratus (Fleutiaux and Salle 1889: 47) [Ataenius], Guadeloupe.
Saprosites excisus Petrovitz 1976: 283, Ecuador.
Saprosites gnomus Balthasar 1941: 170, Costa Rica, Panama.
Saprosites grenadensis Arrow 1903: 514, Grenada, Trinidad, Venezuela.
Saprosites meditans Harold 1867: 81, Colombia, Costa Rica.
Saprosites monteverde Stebnicka 2001: 228, Costa Rica.
Saprosites parallelus Harold 1867: 81, Mexico to S. America.
Saprosites peregrinus Redtenbacher 1858: 437, Colombia, Costa Rica.
Saprosites puncticollis Harold 1867: 81, Brazil.
                  = Saprosites sulcifer Schmidt 1910: 361.
Saprosites pygmaeus Harold 1877: 91, Hawaii, Malaysia (Iles Key).
Saprosites subterraneus Petrovitz 1976: 281, Panama to Ecuador.
Saprosites sulcatus Harold 1869: 102, S. America.
                  = Passalaphodius cartwrighti Martinez 1953: 82.
Saprosites wirthi Cartwright and Chalumeau 1977: 72, Dominica.
Life History. Found in rotting wood, under bark or in leaf litter. Some specimens were collected at light.
Larvae. Unknown.

Stebnicka, Z. T. 2001. A revision of the Neotropical species of Saprosites Redtenbacher, 1858 (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae: Eupariini). Entomologische Abhandlungen, Staatlisches Museum fur Tierkunde Dresden 59(7): 221-242.

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Author: Paul Skelley

Generated on: 09/JAN/08.....Last modified: 09/JAN/08
University of Nebraska State Museum - Division of Entomology