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Parataenius Balthasar, 1961
Parataenius Balthasar, 1961: 121.

Parataenius simulator (Harold)
Photo by Paul Skelley.


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Type species. Parataenius mirabilis Balthasar 1961: 121, by monotypy (= Aphodius derbesis Solier 1851: 72).
               = Brancoataenius Paulian 1979: 66. Type species:
               Brancoataenius lusitanicus Paulian 1979: 66, by original

Diagnosis. Body length 4.0-5.5 mm, elongate, weakly robust, reddish-brown to black. Head strongly transversely wrinkled. Pronotum with lateral fringe of long, often scale-like setae. Mesotibia rapidly dilating near apex, apical width equal 1/3 or more of tibial length. Basal mesotarsal segment shorter than long tibial spur. Metafemur nearly as large as profemur.
Distribution. Southeastern USA to S.America and West Indies, introduced into Portugal, Australia, Africa, and New Zealand.
Composition. Parataenius currently has 2 species.

Parataenius derbesis
(Solier 1851: 72) [Aphodius], Argentina, Brazil, Chile.
                  = ? Ataenius crenatulus Faimaire 1884[1883]: 489.
                  = Euparia cribricollis Burmeister 1877: 411.
                  = Ataenius laborator Harold 1869: 102.
                  = Parataenius mirabilis Balthasar 1961: 121.
                  = Euparia rubripes Boheman 1858: 51.
Parataenius simulator (Harold 1868: 85) [Ataenius], Arg. to USA, West Indies, New Zealand, Africa, Australia, Portugal.
                  = Parataenius granuliceps Petrovitz 1971: 102.
                  = Brancoataenius lusitanicus Paulian 1979: 66.
                  = Psammodius schwarzi Linell 1896: 721.
                  = Euparia simulatrix Burmeister 1877: 412.
Life History. Adults of P. simulator are commonly collected at light. Adults of P. derbesis have been collected in numbers from guanaco dung.

Larvae. The larvae of P. simulator is described in Verdú and Gallante (1999) and Jerath (1960, as Ataenius schwarzi).


Chalumeau, F. 1992. Eupariini du nouveau monde: un mise au point (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) (1re partie). Nouvelle Revue d'Entomologie 9(3): 189‑206.
Jerath, M. L. 1960. Notes on larvae of nine genera of Aphodiinae in the United States. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, Washington 111(3425): 43-94.
Smith, A. B. T., and P. E. Skelley. 2007. A review of the Aphodiinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of southern South America. Zootaxa 1458: 1-80. [http://unsm-ento.unl.edu/platycoeliams.htm]
Verdú, J. R., and E. Galante. 1999. Larvae of Ataenius (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae): generic characteristics and species Descriptions. European Journal of Entomology 96(1): 57‑68.

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Author:Paul Skelley

Generated on: 09/MAY/08.....Last modified: 09/MAY/08
University of Nebraska State Museum - Division of Entomology