Carl Linnaeus   1707-1778

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Linnaeus is credited with the first, wide-spread use of the system of bionomial nomenclature, which dates from the 10th edition in 1758 of his Systema Naturae. It is his system that taxonomists use today. Linnaeus is the author of many species of scarabaeoids. He traveled extensively throughout Sweden to investigate natural resources and collect plants and animals. He did not travel to other countries but instead sent his students. With time he became a professor in Uppsala and the most famous naturalist in the world. Some of his students were more active in entomology than himself, the foremost being Fabricius, but there were also others like Thunberg, Gyllenhal, and Schönherr. His collection was sold to London, but some types remain in Sweden in the collections he put together for the king and queen.

The first name given by his parents was Carl, not Carolus, and his last name was actually Linnaeus. Carolus was a Latin transformation he used in his books. He used the name of Carolus Linnaeus in the Systema Naturae and other publications. He became a knight and a noble in 1762 when King Adolf Frederik entitled him Carl von Linné, receiving the German noble mark "von" since there was no mark of nobility in the Swedish language. His last name also changed to Linné, with an accent on the "e". Hence, he became Carl von Linné.

Bibliiographic citations of "Linnaeus" or "Linné" are both correct although Linnaeus is a little more correct since that was his real last name.

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Site generated on: 01/JAN/1998
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University of Nebraska-Lincoln State Museum - Division of Entomology