Adolf Schmidt 1856-1923


Adolf Schmidt
Adolf Schmidt (1856–1923). Image courtesy of Editha Schubert and the Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut Portrait collection, Müncheberg, Germany.



Very little is known about the life of the German entomologist Adolf Schmidt (1856–1923). Living in Berlin, he was primarily an Aphodiinae specialist, having published dozens of papers on the world fauna of this scarab subfamily between 1906 and the year preceding his death,
including the aphodiine volume of Junk’s Coleopterorum Catalogus (Schmidt 1910). Later in life, Schmidt also published two seminal papers on the taxonomy of the New World dung beetle genus Canthon Hoffmannsegg, 1817 (Scarabaeinae: Deltochilini). After his death, Schmidt’s
personal scarab collection was transferred in 1924 to the Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, where the vast majority of his type specimens are still preserved. Throughout his short career, Schmidt also studied material housed at several German institutional collections
such as the museums in Berlin, Dresden, Hamburg, and Dahlem, as well as specimens from the private collection of the firm Bang-Haas of insect dealers from Blasewitz, and in many of these and other collections we can also find type material of nominal species he established.

Vaz-de-Mello, F.Z. and M.Cupello, in press. The type specimens of South American dung beetles, Part I: On the species described in the genus Canthon Hoffmannsegg, 1817 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) by the German entomologist Adolf Schmidt (1856–1923). Spixiana.

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University of Nebraska-Lincoln State Museum - Division of Entomology