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Pleurophorus Mulsant 1842
Pleurophorus Mulsant 1842: 312.

Pleurophorus caesus (Panzer)
Photo by Paul Skelley.


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Type species. Scarabaeus caesus Panzer 1796: nr.2, by monotypy.

Diagnosis. Body length 2.7-3.3 mm, elongate, distinctly parallel-sided, reddish-brown to almost black, dorsal surfaces glabrous. Head surface granulate, frontal suture present indistinct. Clypeus rounded each side of median emargination. Pronotum with anterior groove, second groove indicated by punctures. Elytra elongate, base margined; intervals convex; striae deep, finely punctate. Metafemur elongate. Metatibia not, slightly widened at apex. Metatarsi long; basal metatarsomere elongate, not widened at apex.
Distribution. Africa, Europe to SE-Asia, New World.
Composition. Worldwide, Pleurophorus contains 29 species, one of which has been introduced into the New World.

Pleurophorus caesus
(Panzer 1796: 2) [Scarabaeus], cosmopolitan, N. Amer to Chile (introduced).
                  = Aphodius angustus Philippi and Philippi 1864: 316-317.
                  = Pleurophorus elongatulus Mulsant 1842: 312.
                  = Ataenius rugiceps Dury 1902: 154.
Life History. Adults are commonly collected at light.
Larvae. The larva of P. caesus has been described by Ritcher (1966).

Cartwright, O. L. 1948. The American species of Pleurophorus (Coleopera: Scarabaeidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 74: 131-145.
Ritcher, P.O. 1966. White grubs and their allies: A study of North American scarabaeoid larvae. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, Oregon. Studies in Entomology 4: 219 pp.
Smith, A. B. T., and P. E. Skelley. 2007. A review of the Aphodiinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of southern South America. Zootaxa 1458: 1-80. [http://unsm-ento.unl.edu/platycoeliams.htm]

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Author: Paul Skelley

Generated on: 09/MAY/08.....Last modified: 09/MAY/08
University of Nebraska State Museum - Division of Entomology